HPG: Turkey uses chemical weapons

In Germany, demonstrators denounce Turkey’s use of chemical weapons in its operations in Southern Kurdistan (October 2021)

According to the HPG, the Turkish army used poison gas again during its invasion operation in southern Kurdistan.

The press center of the HPG (People’s Defense Forces, military branch of the PKK) reported that the Turkish army used chemical weapons in several areas of southern Kurdistan (Northern Iraq) as part of its major invasion operation against areas controlled by Kurdish guerrillas. Guerrilla positions at Kuro Jahro, Werxelê, Şahîn, Kûnîşka and Girê Ortê were hit. According to HPG, the Turkish army mainly used a yellow gas. As early as April 18, shortly after the start of the Turkish invasion, the HPG had reported on the use of chemical weapons.

Five chemical agents identified in 2021

Poison gas was repeatedly used by the Turkish state in southern Kurdistan in the past year. On December 27, 2021, Murat Karayilan, Commander-in-Chief of the HPG, said in an interview with the Firat News (ANF) news agency that the Turkish army used at least five types of chemical warfare agents in its attacks on the occupation in Southern Kurdistan.

The chemical agents were listed as follows:

Tabun: Alongside soman and sarin, this nerve toxin is the oldest of the three so-called G-agents. It can be absorbed through the respiratory system or through simple contact with the skin. It affects the transmission of signals from nerves to muscles, causing fatal paralysis.

Green Cross Gas: This lung weapon contains chloropicrin as an active ingredient. Chloropicrin burns the skin, causing eye irritation and the development of pulmonary edema. It causes shortness of breath, frothy red sputum, and anxiety.

Mustard Gas: Also known as the yellow cross, this skin weapon is a potent skin poison. It has been shown to cause cancer. The effect on the skin is comparable to that of severe burns or chemical burns. Large painful blisters form. Wounds don’t heal well. Tissues are permanently destroyed and cell division is inhibited. In most cases, the most severely affected limb has to be amputated. Inhalation of vapors leads to bronchial destruction.

Unknown sleeping gas: Another gas used by the Turkish military makes sufferers lethargic, memory loss and fainting spells. The person is unable to move and temporarily paralyzed.

Tear gas: Tear gas is a substance that irritates the eyes and mucous membranes. They are commonly used by police to break up demonstrations, but can be deadly when sprayed in high concentrations and indoors.

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