Chipboard, synthetic adhesives or glycerophtalic paints bring harmful fumes into the home, such as the famous VOCs, volatile organic compounds. These include hazardous substances such as formaldehyde or toluene. These pollutants can diffuse over months or even years. For a healthy home, to limit allergies and asthma, do not bring any toxic products or materials into your home, especially when doing crafts.
It is possible to limit pollutants in the home by using natural products and healthy materials. Follow the leader !
Choose your color well
Most common colors emit VOCs, especially glycerophthalics. In addition, these paints can be cleaned with white spirit, a petrochemical product very aggressive to the body. Prefer at least one marked color NF Environment or European Ecolabel.
These labels guarantee the absence of hazardous substances such as mercury, arsenic, cadmium or lead and reduced solvent content. The ingredients are not toxic, carcinogenic or mutagenic.
Even better, Choose eco-friendly paints : Heavy metals and organic solvents such as white spirit are replaced by natural pigments, Linseed oil, lime or casein. Or even from Wood oil for the binder (against polyurethane for synthetic paints).
Elasticity is obtained with latex made from caoutchouc or gum arabic. ” Microporous, they allow the walls to “breathe”, which means that the humidity in rooms is better regulated. These eco products have good coverage and are safe for you and the environment. explains the Minutes Maison website.
Good to know : Use a natural citrus thinner to clean the brush. Also remember not to throw your paint cans anywhere!
Make your own painting!
Mix 250g of powdered casein (dairy by-product) and 375ml of water. Beat with a kitchen whisk to obtain a thick, homogeneous paste. Leave to rest for 30 minutes. Add 125ml water and beat well. Let stand another 30 minutes. Mix 50g of pigment powder with a little water. Add this concoction to the casein and mix well.
To color the paint, you can use universal dyes with the NF Environnement label or 100% natural ecological dyes from the earth: black oxide, violet iron oxide, Tuscan ocher, sienna… All colors are available. These miscible pigments can also be mixed with stains, oil or water based paints and any lime based products.
Also Read: What Equipment Do You Need to Start Painting?
Decorate your walls
Avoid textiles on the walls because they are dust nests that favor respiratory allergies. In addition, they capture the VOCs of the products and materials present in the home to redistribute them in the air over a long period of time.
In particular, avoid synthetic wall textiles themselves at the source of VOC emissions, static electricity and mold. Give preference to ecological wallpaper. The natural ones are based on cellulose fibers and solvent-free inks. These papers come from sustainably managed forests. They are unbleached and without synthetic glues. Some have subtle tones and designer decor.
Others are to be painted, paper with grain or relief decoration. they consist of Pulp from wood, wax and linseed oil. Or even from Grain fibers or fibers from waste paper, fibranne, textile fibers and wood.
Use a non-hazardous cellulose adhesive with an aqueous dispersion for assembly.
Good to know : Do not wallpaper damp walls as this encourages the growth of pathogenic mould
Paint, coat, glue
These are DIY products aggressive to the respiratory tractmainly because of her solvent : an adhesive can contain up to 70%! Choose the most natural ones, like those with the NF Environnement label.
This label also applies to varnishes, coatings, moldings, baseboards, door frames, shelves, parquet strips. Or, for paints, do you prefer ecological products that are more natural.
Now the range of such products is wide.
- Solvent- and formaldehyde-free glues, formulated with plant latex, chalk, kaolin, clay. Varnish based on natural resins, wood oil, linseed oil, beeswax.
- Old-fashioned coatings, lime, calcium carbonate, marble powder, cellulose, clay. Wood preservative oils without lead and cobalt based on resins and vegetable oils such as linseed or castor oil.
- Waxes for renovating furniture, beeswax or linseed oil and carnauba wax. Beeswax or jojoba oil stain to impregnate the floor, wood or cork.
There is even ecological strippers without solvents, soda or acid that does not release toxic fumes, based on pine turpentine oil and citrus distillates (very practical for cleaning tools too).
Good to know : The solvents contained in conventional adhesives and paints contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer.
For insulating floors and walls
Use natural materials for floors, because the others give off toxic or allergenic substances. privilege terracotta tiles – Mixture of clay and fire-boiled water -, solid wood parquet floor the PEFC seal (European forest certification program) or e.g FSC exotic woods (Forest Stewardship Council) or a covering made of plant fibers such as coconut, jute, bamboo, sisal, seagrass.
or real linoleum based on linseed oil and natural resins, robust, antistatic and easy to care for. For wall insulation, also use natural materials.
Today the choice is wide, from cork, the first ecological insulation to hit the market: sheep’s wool, light and easy to install, hemp, moisture regulator, duck feather, naturally hydrophobic, wool and wood felt, made of wood fibers bonded with textile fibers from corn or Lignin, sheep’s wool, anti-rot, linen, moisture absorber, cellulose wadding that allows paper to be recycled…
Good to know : These ecological isolators are 15 to 20% more expensive than traditional isolators.
Long live Kalk!
That natural coatings and old-fashioned whitewash based on lime are very successful, because they are very decorative on the walls and bring you authentic and warm touch.
In addition, they contribute clean up the habitat. Naturally antistatic, permeable to water vapour, limescale allows the wall to “breathe” and thus counteracts the ambient moisture.
Obtained by calcining limestone at around 1,000ºC, it is 100% natural and durable thanks to its elasticity combined with good hardness.
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